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Vintage Computers

ACORN [1980] ATOM

2015.12.10 23:12 조회 수 2725

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Acorn_Atom_System_s2.jpg

 

 

The Acorn Atom was the ancestor of the BBC computers series. It was sold in kit or ready-assembled versions. 

The great advantage of the Atom compared to its competitors (TRS-80 & PET), was its high resolution capabilities (256 x 192) which were quite unusual in 1979 for the price. 

The built-in BASIC was in some ways quite limited (it could only use integers for example) but an optional 4K ROM added the ability to use floating point numbers, trigonometric functions, to convert degrees/radians and to draw graphics in color. More add-ons were also available enabling autonumbering, a faster cassette interface (1200 bauds), and functions such as INKEY$, MID$, READ, DATA, FILL, etc... There was even a BBC BASIC board available. 

A lot of applications were available on sideways ROMs that plugged into the "utility ROM socket" as Acorn called it, such as the "Atom Word Pack ROM" (word processing) or Atom-Calc (a 4K ROM spreadsheet). 

A colour card was available, connected to the BUS connector, it provided 8 colors, 4 simultaneously at the 64 x 192 resolution or 2 at 128 x 192 for example. But it was known to overheat! 

A lot of other peripherals were developed : - a 5.25" floppy disk drive (100K) which held the DOS in a 3K ROM but cost about twice as much as a new Atom!,
- a digital-tape recorder,
- a printer interface,
- a network card called EcoNet which enabled linking of up to 250 Atoms (210 K/Bauds transfer rate),
- RAM expansions,
- etc... 

_________ 

Mr Wobbler reports :
The overheating of the graphics card seemed due to the conversion from NTSC to PAL. THE VC chip could be just seen under the mountain of discrete components to convert the scan rate... Programming the atom was fun, allowing the mixing of in-line assembler code embedded in basic programs. This made the transition from high level to assembler programming easier. My father bought one and had 2 subsequent replacements supplied FOC by Acorn due to problems in the video circuitry (mostly the output frequency wandering). 

Peter Passchier comments:
The speaker was not just a beeper. You have direct write access to the I/O port, and it could be made to beep at a particular pitch by 'toggling' the speaker at a particular frequency. I used to use a one-liner that I would type in manually at night to wake me up with a warble at a desired time in the morning! 
 

 

NAME   ATOM
MANUFACTURER   Acorn Computer
TYPE   Home Computer
ORIGIN   United Kingdom
YEAR   1980
END OF PRODUCTION   1983
BUILT IN LANGUAGE   Basic, machine-code
KEYBOARD   QWERTY, full-stroke keyboard, 60 keys
ESC, BREAK, COPY, DELETE, CTRL, RETURN, LOCK, SHIFT (x2), REPT, arrow keys (x2)
CPU   6502
SPEED   1 mHz
CO-PROCESSOR   6847 Video Display Generator, PIA 8255 (keyboard & tape)
RAM   2 KB (up to 12 KB, or 32 KB using external RAM expansion kit. )
VRAM   6 KB
ROM   8 KB (Atom BASIC and COS), up to 16 KB
TEXT MODES   32 x 24 / 16 x 12
GRAPHIC MODES   64 x 64 (4 colors), 64 x 96 (4 colors), 128 x 96 (monochrome), 64 x 192 (4 colors), 128 x 192 (2 colors), 256 x 192 (monochrome)
COLORS   8
SOUND   Built-in beeper
SIZE / WEIGHT   15'' long x 9.5'' deep x 2.5'' high
I/O PORTS   Tape interface, UHF Modulated TV output, Acorn Bus Extension
POWER SUPPLY   External PSU - 8v 2A
PRICE   kit: �120
Built : �170
50� (UK, 1983)
381  (France, 82)

 

 

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